In Cuba, the Center of Nutrition and Food Hygiene and the Center for Health Promotion and Education, both of the Ministry of Public Health, have been carried out and coordinate national program to improve Cuban food culture and into this context the promotion of the consumption of fruits and vegetables. An important detail is that in Cuban TV is not aloud advertisement about unhealthy foods. Surveys carried out during last years in different population groups, mainly in children and adolescents the consumption of fruits and especially vegetables is far below the 400g/day recommended by the OMS.
During the years 2014-15 a project “Nutritional Intervention to improve vitamin A status in children under 5 years” was carried out in several provinces of Cuba. This project was from the results of a research about vitamin A, that showed subclinical deficiency severe or moderate in 5 of the 15 provinces of the country. The objective was to increase the production and the consumption in quantity and variety of vegetables rich in provitamin A. Green leaves vegetables were not consume
for 90% of the children. The project begins in each of these provinces with a Workshop where authorities of health, education and agriculture receive information of the situation and proposal of solutions. They all together propose actions to improve vitamin A status, mainly by the consumption of fruits an vegetables The project receives the support and accompaniment of the UNICEF.
A training manual “Vitamin A and maternal-infantile health” was made for the healths´team and was distributed during the Workshop and later on in the provinces and its municipalities. A (page) about vitamin A was made with advice on the consumption of vegetables and three recipes with vegetables. This advertising was distributed to the population, especially to the mothers. The most outstanding activities that have been carried out in the intervened provinces are developed in the fairs (where the vegetables are sold) and there the children of primary schools participate.